The federal health minister is amongst several politicians changing portfolios as part of the latest ministry reshuffle.
Outgoing health minister Nicola Roxon – promoted to role of Attorney-General – has been replaced by Tanya Plibersek.
Ms Plibersek previously held the Human Services portfolio – a minor role she took on whilst caring for her newborn son.
The new health minister aims to address dental reform and improve patient services at the state level.
''We have a good set of health policies. I want to make sure they are delivered properly and on time,'' she said.
Ms Roxon also leaves behind a significant task for the new minister – following through with the government's aim to means-test the 30 per cent private health insurance rebate.
The move aims to deliver $2.9 billion in savings – a crucial element to the 2012-13 budget surplus.
Mark Butler has also been promoted to mental health and ageing minister, meaning that there will be two cabinet ministers in charge of health policy for the first time.